Pascrell, Pallone, Nadler Lead House Chairs Calling on Biden Administration to Strengthen Antitrust Oversight of Corrupted Live Events Ticket Market
For years Live Nation-Ticketmaster octopus has built strangling monopoly to detriment of fans
Washington, DC, April 19, 2021
U.S. Reps. Bill Pascrell, Jr. (D-NJ-09), Frank Pallone Jr. (D-NJ-06), the Chairman of the House Committee on Energy and Commerce, and Jerrold Nadler (D-NY-10), the Chairman of the House Judiciary Committee, today led two other House committee chairs urging the Biden Administration to take a stronger hand of antitrust enforcement in the live events ticket marketplace, particularly in its oversight of the longtime Live Nation-Ticketmaster monopoly.
The letter is signed by Reps. Pascrell, Pallone, Nadler, Jan Schakowsky (D-IL-09), Chairwoman of the House Energy and Commerce Subcommittee on Consumer Protection and Commerce, and David Cicilline (D-RI-01), Chairman of the House Judiciary Subcommittee on Antitrust, Commercial, and Administration Law.
“We write in support of strong antitrust enforcement by the Biden Administration, including the live event ticket sales marketplace. The evidence is overwhelming that the 2010 merger between the world’s largest concert promoter, Live Nation, and the biggest ticket provider, Ticketmaster, has strangled competition in live entertainment ticketing and harmed consumers and must be revisited,” the members write the Attorney General and Acting Chair of the Federal Trade Commission (FTC).
A scathing 2018 report issued by the Government Accountability Office (GAO) commissioned by Pallone and Pascrell found that Live Nation enjoys more than an 80 control of the venue ticket sales market, a share that has only grown since the Live Nation-Ticketmaster merger in 2009 despite promises to the contrary. GAO further uncovered that the ticket market as a whole is rife with practices that are “not fully transparent,” and that Live Nation, which claims more than half of ticket sales in the United States, engages in questionable gimmicks to conceal its extra costs.
In closing their letter to the Biden administration the members demand strong antitrust scrutiny: “We strongly urge the DOJ and FTC to protect consumers future access to live events by immediately launching an investigation of [Live Nation’s] potentially unfair, deceptive, and anticompetitive practices.”
Congressman Pascrell has been a leader in Congress calling for regulation of the opaque live events ticket market. Pascrell was an early critic of the Live Nation-Ticketmaster merger, and repeatedly urged the Obama administration to reject it, warning that the union would crush competition and harm consumers. In May 2018, Pascrell wrote an op-ed in the Los Angeles Times on his attempts to impose greater positive regulation on the broken live events ticket market.
Two months later, Pascrell and Pallone wrote a letter to then-FTC chairman Joseph Simons highlighting the GAO study which found a myriad of consumer protection and competition issues in the primary and secondary live event ticket markets. In response, the FTC organized a workshop on event tickets held in June 2019 to review many of the challenges faced by ticket-buying fans.
Pascrell is the principal sponsor of the BOSS Act, overarching legislation that will impose a basic level of transparency upon the ticket industry so fans have a fair chance to purchase tickets on the primary market and also seeks to protect consumers who choose to use the secondary market to purchase tickets. A full section-by-section breakdown of the legislation is available here.
In April 2019, Pascrell and Rep. Katie Porter (D-CA-45) blasted Ticketmaster’s refusal to issue refunds to Americans for events that were postponed indefinitely by the COVID-19 pandemic. Chastened by Pascrell and Porter’s criticism, Live Nation reversed course.
The text of Pascrell, Pallone, Nadler, Schakowsky, and Cicilline’s letter to the U.S. Department of Justice and FTC is provided below.
April 19, 2021
The Honorable Merrick Garland The Honorable Rebecca Kelly Slaughter
Attorney General Acting Chair
U.S. Department of Justice Federal Trade Commission
950 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW 600 Pennsylvania Ave NW
Washington, DC 20530 Washington, D.C. 20580
Dear Attorney General Garland and Acting Chairwoman Slaughter:
We write in support of strong antitrust enforcement by the Biden Administration, including the live event ticket sales marketplace. The evidence is overwhelming that the 2010 merger between the world’s largest concert promoter, Live Nation, and the biggest ticket provider, Ticketmaster, has strangled competition in live entertainment ticketing and harmed consumers and must be revisited.
According to the Government Accountability Office’s (GAO) 2018 report, Live Nation Entertainment (LNE), holds more than 80 percent of the venue ticket sales market. The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) held an important workshop in 2019 that examined the ticketing industry and heard concerns on LNE’s anticompetitive behavior from actors throughout the industry. These important federal reviews, combined with troubling media reports and state sponsored reports, show that more can be done to investigate potentially unfair, deceptive, and anticompetitive practices in the ticket industry.
Since the merger, we have witnessed how pitfalls of the Department of Justice’s (DOJ) consent decree has failed to protect competition and consumers. The DOJ itself has found that LNE has repeatedly violated the terms of the agreement over the course of the last 10 years by threatening venues and forcing the bundling of artists with ticketing services. These practices have enabled Ticketmaster to maintain its control of more than 80 percent of the primary ticketing sale market and to grow its position in the secondary market. We believe the prior administration’s decision to extend the consent decree in 2019 to 2025 was insufficient to protect consumers. In its decision, DOJ did not demonstrate why extending the consent decree with only minor modifications would prevent LNE from continuing anticompetitive conduct. Rather than double-down on a failed approach, DOJ must now take steps needed to restore competition to the ticketing marketplace.
Not satisfied with its near monopoly of the primary sale of tickets, LNE has tightened its grasp on the secondary market, making it one of the largest ticket resellers in the United States. The company is now leveraging its position in the primary channel to drive out competition in the resale market and allowing for potentially unfair and deceptive practices.
One recent example we are concerned about is the introduction of a smart phone ticketing product, known as “SafeTix,” which was purportedly created to fight fraud. However, LNE is using this program to ensure that tickets can only be resold or gifted within the Ticketmaster system. Ticketmaster has also used “SafeTix” to cancel resold tickets minutes before showtime. Media reports tell of patrons who purchased tickets on a competing resale platform being literally left out in the street while the show went on without them. If true, these reports may support claims of unfair and deceptive practices by LNE.
Throughout the coronavirus disease of 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, LNE has rebranded its anticompetitive ways under the guise of protecting the public health. As reported in Billboard Magazine, “Ticket transfer technology used to restrict fans from reselling tickets to high demand shows will now be used to make ‘entry safer’ by requiring most person[s] entering a concert venue to register an account with Ticketmaster.” While local governments should work with local venues to ensure common sense public health protections for fans, such as mask-wearing and social distancing, we cannot allow Ticketmaster to leverage the pandemic to choke off competition by eliminating ticket transfer.
Although, sadly, the pandemic continues to prevent a return to packed venues, hope is on the horizon that live events will begin to resume. Indeed, the governors of New York and New Jersey recently announced the easing of restrictions on live events in large venues. When live events return in earnest, it is imperative that consumers have access to a market that is transparent, fair, and competitive. We know that LNE is not sitting idle during this lull. Your agencies must guard against one company dictating the conditions of the return of live events and cannot permit LNE to mask its anticompetitive instincts under the guise of public health.
We strongly urge the DOJ and FTC to protect consumers future access to live events by immediately launching an investigation of LNE’s potentially unfair, deceptive, and anticompetitive practices.
 Ticketmaster Tech Used to Fight Scalpers Will Now Be Deployed Against Covid19, Billboard (Oct. 29, 2020), https://www.billboard.com/articles/news/9474791/ticketmaster-tech-deployed-against-covid-19/.